Electronics > Beginners

Price issue with 4400uf capacitor choice for AC-DC PS

(1/3) > >>

I'm trying to buy all the parts to build the AC-DC power supply in Randy Slone's Electricity and Electronics book and it calls for 2x 4400uf 50WVDC capacitors.

Are they really $40-$200 each?

Digikey's cheapest is $59 and mouser's and Newark's (stocked) are $44. Jameco, partsexpress, and mcmelectronics don't even have those.

Why can't I use the 4700uf 50V cap that costs $1.45?

It takes a week to get the parts so I was going to order them first and build it as I read through the sections, but this cap price is holding me back.

4700 uF should work just as well, since the tolerance is likely something like -10%, +50%, it should be well within tolerance. This is with the assumption that it's just a smoothing capacitor. Timing capacitors might be more critical, but a 4400 uF precision capacitor would be very unlikely. If you'd care about the value, you could also put 2x 2200 uF in parallel.

My guess is that 10,000 uF would work as well. As long as the ripple is reduced to acceptable levels and the turn-on surge is limited to manageable levels, the exact value usually doesn't matter.

Are you sure it's 4400uF? That is not a standard size, only Cornell Dubilier makes them, which explains the absurd price.

If it's a filtering/reservoir cap then 4700uF (the next higher standard size) would be fine. No mention of ESR?

Thanks guys, I wish I could tell you what they were for, but I guess I'll have to read it through to see if it's filtering or whatnot...then take a week off from this book while I wait for the parts. I have about 100 more pages to go (diodes then capacitors). I'll see if I can put some stuff off so I can just read it through today. It's odd that he chooses 2x 24v transformers instead of one 48v b/c they are hard to find but then lists these caps.

Here's a schematic in case that sheds any light on what they are for:

This is just the first section, the next section has the pcb with transistors etc

Schem made with Drawsch from http://www.dz863.com/

C1/C2 are just for smoothing the ripple coming from BR1. BR1 produces rectified AC, C1/C2 convert it to something approaching DC. You're unlikely to notice any difference between 4400 uF and 4700 uF for C1/C2. You can also parallel other caps (with the correct voltage rating) until they add up to ~4400 uF, eg. 2x 2200 uF or 5x 1000 uF. Use whatever is the cheapest/in stock.


[0] Message Index

[#] Next page

There was an error while thanking
Go to full version
Powered by SMFPacks Advanced Attachments Uploader Mod