Author Topic: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown  (Read 20022 times)

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Offline EEVblog

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EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« on: January 21, 2014, 10:16:35 pm »
What is inside one of the best quality wireless microphones on the market?
http://amzn.to/LAA8Yq
Dave takes a look inside the Sennheiser EW100 G3 SK100 Bodypack Transmitter and the EK100 Diversity Receiver.
Datasheets:
http://www.analog.com/static/imported-files/data_sheets/ADF4116_4117_4118.pdf
http://www.onsemi.com/pub_link/Collateral/SA575-D.PDF
http://www.xie-gang.com/BH4127.pdf

 

Offline rolandpenplotter

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #1 on: January 21, 2014, 10:18:53 pm »
Thank you Dave :) I'm interested in these since our local church has issues with other brands (probably analogue mics).

PS: ... FIRST
 

Offline ceecrb1

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #2 on: January 21, 2014, 10:29:38 pm »
Thank you Dave :) I'm interested in these since our local church has issues with other brands (probably analogue mics).

PS: ... FIRST

I cannot recomend recomend the sennheiser evolution series enough.
These ew100's are actually the lowest "quality" (really featured) of the family and they are great!
I´ve spent all my adult life using Ew's from the first generation (that used 9v batteries) to the G2s and now G3s (Generation3) and had little to no issues... and I´ve really put them though a lot of stress... eg using MANY channels at the same time, over long distances etc etc and NEVER had any real isssues.

BE AWARE.. 99.9999999999999999999999999999999999% of "new" Sennheiser wireless mics on ebay ARE copies. Only buy from authorised dealers. There are so many stories of people sending defective mics back to sennheiser for repair to find out that what htey thought was "real".. isnt. I've even read on a technitians forum that senny repair techs have been fooled right up to the moment they open them up... the copies are THAT good. (except in quality).

The only thing these lack in is that the kit capsule. Try to budget extra to be able to not take the cheapest option. but if you have to, it will still work better than most brands!
 

Offline rolandpenplotter

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #3 on: January 21, 2014, 10:33:24 pm »
Thank you Dave :) I'm interested in these since our local church has issues with other brands (probably analogue mics).

PS: ... FIRST

I cannot recomend recomend the sennheiser evolution series enough.
These ew100's are actually the lowest "quality" (really featured) of the family and they are great!
I´ve spent all my adult life using Ew's from the first generation (that used 9v batteries) to the G2s and now G3s (Generation3) and had little to no issues... and I´ve really put them though a lot of stress... eg using MANY channels at the same time, over long distances etc etc and NEVER had any real isssues.

BE AWARE.. 99.9999999999999999999999999999999999% of "new" Sennheiser wireless mics on ebay ARE copies. Only buy from authorised dealers. There are so many stories of people sending defective mics back to sennheiser for repair to find out that what htey thought was "real".. isnt. I've even read on a technitians forum that senny repair techs have been fooled right up to the moment they open them up... the copies are THAT good. (except in quality).

The only thing these lack in is that the kit capsule. Try to budget extra to be able to not take the cheapest option. but if you have to, it will still work better than most brands!

Thank you so much for your kind advice. I cannot envisage buying church equipment from eBay; I just can't see them agreeing to that. :)
 

Offline EEVblog

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #4 on: January 21, 2014, 10:39:52 pm »
The only thing these lack in is that the kit capsule.

Sound quality seem excellent to me, matches my other mics quite nicely.
 

Offline mikeselectricstuff

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #5 on: January 21, 2014, 10:40:47 pm »
I think that "distributed filter" is just a test-point for a co-axial pogo-pin probe
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Offline ceecrb1

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #6 on: January 21, 2014, 10:42:34 pm »
IF I´m feeling generous, I may mail-bag you a spare MKE2 capsule then.... 
I "came into ownership" of a few (legaly)
The difference is quite large... in sound and price!

While the kit capsule is NOT bad and very usable... Obviously its not a bad thing to improve if improvements can be made.
 

Offline SteigsdB

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #7 on: January 21, 2014, 10:49:03 pm »
Hi Dave, great and interesting video as usual!

What is inside one of the best quality wireless microphones on the market?

I just wanted to point out that, while the G3 is a great system at its price point, "best quality..on the market" might be a bit of a stretch.

In the film and television production world they're generally considered 'entry' level units.  The 'best in class' units (staying with the battery powerable units) would be the SM*, UM* and 411 series from Lectrosonics or most of the offerings from Zaxcom. 

Just wanted to throw that out there as someone who works with these systems daily.

Your mileage may vary, some assembly required.

PS +1 on the mickey 2's being a great lav.  Sanken COS-11's are another great mic in that family.
 

Offline Lightages

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #8 on: January 21, 2014, 10:51:30 pm »
The only thing these lack in is that the kit capsule.

Sound quality seem excellent to me, matches my other mics quite nicely.

UHF is not inherently better than VHF. Also I agree that the included microphones are not the best.  Try the mic that came with the Audio Techinca system. IMHO they sound better with the G3.
 

Offline RupertGo

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #9 on: January 22, 2014, 12:29:37 am »
Great blog - loving the RF bonanza at the moment. From 10 kW of VHF to a few milliwatts of UHF in the space of a week - I'd send my WWII vintage HF Wireless Sets Number 19 for a mailbag teardown candidate, if the postage to Oz wouldn't bankrupt me...

Wireless microphones cause some headaches for spectrum regulators and designers. They have to be analogue - you can't have any delay for live music shows - and they have to have lots of channels, plus you can't accept any level of interference from other services and size/power issues means they really have to be in bands where lots of other things already live (usually in the middle of the TV UHF band, where the other things can be really quite brutish). Particularly problematic for those who try and do white space RF, which tries to slot itself into unused parts of bands allocated to other services. Small, susceptible, hard to detect and very, very mobile.

The interference rejection is one reason why there's so much filtering and good solid RF engineering in those things. I'd love to see a circuit or some RF performance specs for them.
 

Offline NiHaoMike

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #10 on: January 22, 2014, 12:40:16 am »
Wireless microphones cause some headaches for spectrum regulators and designers. They have to be analogue - you can't have any delay for live music shows
It's possible to design digital for very low latency nowadays. Even common 802.11n can do well under 1ms round trip. The latency can be even lower for a system designed to do one way streaming of HD audio.
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Offline jpenn

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #11 on: January 22, 2014, 12:54:21 am »
The only thing these lack in is that the kit capsule.

Sound quality seem excellent to me, matches my other mics quite nicely.

UHF is not inherently better than VHF. Also I agree that the included microphones are not the best.  Try the mic that came with the Audio Techinca system. IMHO they sound better with the G3.

IMHO UHF is a little less prone to interference. Of course a lot depends on the quality of the T/R. Also for normal speech on YouTube you don't really need a high quality mic. I have two different Audio-Tech lapel mics. Both are lower end mics and you would have to listen close to hear any difference in them.   Also just the fact you are using a lapel mic even it is a cheap one, you will sound better then 90% of YouTubers out there. You could have a video that is visually stunning but if the audio sucks the video sucks.
John
 

Online Psi

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #12 on: January 22, 2014, 01:20:59 am »
Yep, Sennheiser make awesome stuff.

I saved up and chose some Sennheiser headphones from the local audio shop when i was 15 for ~$70 (quite a bit back then). 
They just sounded awesome and the lasted 10+ years, eventually failing due to the padding falling apart from use and the cable breaking a few times when i stood up with the cable hooked on something.

Now i have some Sennhesier PC360 which really are sex on a stick for sound quality and have a mic for PC gaming.

There's a lot of fake Sennhesier sub $100 headphones floating around on ebay and other sites. So yeah, as someone already said, if you want sennheiser make sure you get a legit version.

I would recommend anyone buying headphones to try out some Sennheisers in a shop and be prepared to pay ~$200 for the good stuff. The genuine sub $200 Sennheiser stuff is still good but it lacks the WOW factor that their $200+ headphones have. The quality shifts from retail to prosumer between $100 and $200 and then approaches studio quality around $600.
But the prosumer stuff really is good enough
« Last Edit: January 22, 2014, 01:26:02 am by Psi »
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Offline tchicago

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #13 on: January 22, 2014, 05:19:30 am »
Notice the unusually large 4MHz crystals or oscillator hybrids on both devices. These most likely generate the frequencies that are later used to synthesize the RF, so they are high quality and most likely temperature compensated.

You also mentioned the "charger" circuitry driven by the LT chip. But there is nothing to charge: the device uses the non-rechargeable batteries. So those are most likely are just the DC2DCs.

It is also pretty cool to see all the RF inductors are off the shelf, so the RF part does not need any manual mechanical tuning during the manufacturing. The older TVs have their RF cans full of ugly looking custom made inductors that had their shape twisted by the technician while tuning and then fixed with some glue. That does not mean Sennheiser did not need any tuning or calibration at all, it probably needed much less of it due to more stable components. And the rest of calibration is done via varicaps and stored somewhere in EEPROM. All automated on the bed of nails, with no white bearded guru sticking out his tongue at the right angle :)
 

Online Psi

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #14 on: January 22, 2014, 05:30:06 am »
You also mentioned the "charger" circuitry driven by the LT chip. But there is nothing to charge: the device uses the non-rechargeable batteries. So those are most likely are just the DC2DCs.

Rechargeable AA cells.
Many devices using AAs have an selectable option for both dry cell and rechargeable.

Probably enabled in the menus somewhere (maybe hidden) for customers who want a charging station setup.
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Offline SteigsdB

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #15 on: January 22, 2014, 06:15:04 am »
They have to be analogue

The Zaxcom stuff is digital.

Years ago there was a company called x-wire that made digital wireless systems for guitars. Some artists went so far as to have capacitors added to the Tx wire to mimic the loss (sound) from the 50' cables they were previously using.
 

Offline ram

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #16 on: January 22, 2014, 07:03:59 am »
i really love this kind of communication stuff.i look forward to watch more communication stuff.
this give some insight about this kind of stuff
dave  i really thank you
 

Offline EEVblog

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #17 on: January 22, 2014, 10:02:59 am »
You also mentioned the "charger" circuitry driven by the LT chip. But there is nothing to charge: the device uses the non-rechargeable batteries. So those are most likely are just the DC2DCs.

The side contacts are for using rechargeable AA's. It can use either type.
 

Offline ceecrb1

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #18 on: January 22, 2014, 12:15:08 pm »
Just use rechargable batteries and this:

http://en-us.sennheiser.com/l-1039-10

These are more use to (for example) a theater where there are day in day out shows.. so at the start of the run an actor will be assigned a microphone or wireless in-ear receiver (which has the same form factor) which they are to use every show.
Trust me... new batteries EVERY show (which is not only best practice, its only practice!) creates mounting costs very rapidly!
 

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #19 on: January 22, 2014, 01:39:03 pm »
The only thing missing form this great teardown is a dive into modulation/data format used.
Something like $10 RTLSDR + http://www.hdsdr.de should do the trick
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Offline calzap

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #20 on: January 22, 2014, 08:29:07 pm »
Notice the unusually large 4MHz crystals or oscillator hybrids on both devices. These most likely generate the frequencies that are later used to synthesize the RF, so they are high quality and most likely temperature compensated.

There is a pretty good view of a "can" at 17:40 in the video.  A snapshot is below.  Am I right in assuming this is a 4 MHz oscillator?  What is the brand?  Matsushita?

Mike in California
 

Offline greatal

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #21 on: January 22, 2014, 08:38:54 pm »
that NXP LPC2364fet100 is just amazing
it is like you have a powerful dragon in your pocket
up to 70 general purpose I/O pin!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
72 MHz
USB(those side contacts maybe some usb)
I2C I2S
Ethernet!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! RMII wow
SPI(MMC ...)
RTC?

http://www.nxp.com/products/microcontrollers/arm7/LPC2364FET100.html
 

Offline Stonent

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #22 on: January 23, 2014, 01:00:32 am »
I'm surprised they spun a second board for the display and interface when they appear to be about 90% the same.
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Offline JackOfVA

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #23 on: January 23, 2014, 02:22:14 am »
Since Dave has a spectrum analyzer, perhaps a follow up video with some reverse engineering of the RF modulation would be in order. 
 

Offline DutchGert

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Re: EEVblog #571 - Sennheiser EW100 G3 Wireless Microphone Teardown
« Reply #24 on: January 23, 2014, 08:09:55 am »
Since Dave has a spectrum analyzer, perhaps a follow up video with some reverse engineering of the RF modulation would be in order.

Yes, that would be very nice. Just to give some insight in what kind of techniques they use
 


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