Author Topic: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2  (Read 4330 times)

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Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« on: November 27, 2023, 11:34:57 pm »
My wife has her original Magnavox Odyssey 2 (service manual:  https://www.digitpress.com/library/techdocs/o2-svc.pdf) from the late 70s and I've been trying to get it to work again... clearly for some points on the home front!

After purchasing an adapter to go from the RF Out (RCA coax) on the console... to a Coax to RCA (Red, White, Yellow) converter box... to a RCA to HDMI box... to a TV.

I've cleaned the console inside and out, fixed a few soldering points on the main board, tested all of the voltages and now everything "seems" fine.  The input voltage is good and the on-board voltage regulator seems to be working well too.

When I turn the console on, I get audio but no video.  The game is responsive and when I touch keys on the keyboard, the console is responding to my input.  So... everything appears to be loading and running fine. BUT... no video is making it to the TV.

How do I troubleshoot this video issue?  I'm going to assume that the converters I purchased work (let's just go with that assumption for now as they're brand new and I don't have any other 'old' devices in the house to test them with).

The Channel 3/4 module seems to be working fine and I'm getting voltage from the main board to that daughter board... but I don't know how to test the output.  Can I test this somehow with my scope (without a logic analyzer)?

I can post photos of anything you like upon request.

Thank you!

- Wil
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #1 on: November 28, 2023, 12:49:07 am »
Do you really need those two converter boxes?  I haven't heard of a TV with HDMI input but not analogue RCA phono jacks,  yellow composite video, white left audio, red right audio.  And even though the US has now no analogue RF broadcast TV transmissions, modern TVs are essentially "worldwide" designs and tend to still have analogue tuners.

Put your scope on pin 5 of IC1 and you should see the video signal that goes into the RF modulator.
« Last Edit: November 28, 2023, 12:53:54 am by wasedadoc »
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #2 on: November 28, 2023, 04:42:32 pm »
Do you really need those two converter boxes?  I haven't heard of a TV with HDMI input but not analogue RCA phono jacks,  yellow composite video, white left audio, red right audio.  And even though the US has now no analogue RF broadcast TV transmissions, modern TVs are essentially "worldwide" designs and tend to still have analogue tuners.

Yes. None of our TVs have any inputs other than HDMI.

Put your scope on pin 5 of IC1 and you should see the video signal that goes into the RF modulator.

Ok. What am I looking for exactly?  What should I expect to see?  I recently purchased the scope and haven't used it for anything other than some voltage measurements.

Thank you,

- Wil
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #3 on: November 28, 2023, 07:54:10 pm »
You expect to see NTSC video.  Similar to the waveform at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Analogue_Video_Signal_PS1.png.  Very approximately 1 volt peak to peak.  The pulses at the bottom will be constant.  The top parts between the pulses will depend on the picture content.  Frequency of the pulses is 15.75 kHz.  Period just under 64us.  Set scope to 10us or 20us per division.

If in doubt post a photo of what your scope does show.

I'd like to know the make and model numbers of your TVs.
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #4 on: November 28, 2023, 08:24:13 pm »
You expect to see NTSC video.  Similar to the waveform at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Analogue_Video_Signal_PS1.png.  Very approximately 1 volt peak to peak.  The pulses at the bottom will be constant.  The top parts between the pulses will depend on the picture content.  Frequency of the pulses is 15.75 kHz.  Period just under 64us.  Set scope to 10us or 20us per division.

Awesome!  I will try that and report back.

These are our TVs:
  • Samsung - 50” Class CU7000 Crystal UHD 4K Smart Tizen TV
    Samsung - 75" Class 8 Series LED 4K UHD Smart Tizen TV
- Wil
 

Online oPossum

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #5 on: November 28, 2023, 08:49:02 pm »
  • Samsung - 50” Class CU7000 Crystal UHD 4K Smart Tizen TV
  • Samsung - 75" Class 8 Series LED 4K UHD Smart Tizen TV

Both of those have an antenna input that supports NTSC and ATSC.
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #6 on: November 28, 2023, 08:50:10 pm »
Hmm. The page https://www.samsung.com/sg/tvs/uhd-4k-tv/cu7000-50-inch-ua50cu7000kxxs/ for the UK model says it does have an analogue tuner but no composite video input, only HDMI.  (The UK switched off analogue TV transmitters years ago.)

Could be that the US model has the same hardware (with the tuner present) but the firmware doesn't show it in the user menus.  I still have and occasionally use gear with only analogue video output.  A TV that couldn't accept that would be a no-no for me.

Edit: Given the info from oPossum posted just seconds earlier, ignore the parts in this post about analogue tuner.
« Last Edit: November 28, 2023, 08:53:09 pm by wasedadoc »
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #7 on: November 28, 2023, 10:03:44 pm »
Could be that the US model has the same hardware (with the tuner present) but the firmware doesn't show it in the user menus.  I still have and occasionally use gear with only analogue video output.  A TV that couldn't accept that would be a no-no for me.

I have no idea about anything outside of the US, but all of my TVs only have HDMI inputs.  There are physically no other input types.  Honestly, until I have had the need to deal with this legacy junk, we have never needed any other options since I do not own any analogue devices.

- Wil
 

Online oPossum

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #8 on: November 28, 2023, 10:16:30 pm »
There clearly is an F connector for antenna/cable.



https://www.rtings.com/tv/reviews/samsung/cu7000-cu7000d
« Last Edit: November 28, 2023, 10:24:19 pm by oPossum »
 
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Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #9 on: November 28, 2023, 10:49:46 pm »
Well, crap. I'm not sure how I missed that! LOL

- Wil
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #10 on: November 28, 2023, 11:06:49 pm »
There clearly is an F connector for antenna/cable.

Well, while it is clearly on the TV... there is nothing in the TV software that lets you switch to anything other than an HDMI input. I've reset the TV and gone through all of the advanced settings... there is no way to switch to that input.

- Wil
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #11 on: November 28, 2023, 11:13:28 pm »
There clearly is an F connector for antenna/cable.

Well, while it is clearly on the TV... there is nothing in the TV software that lets you switch to anything other than an HDMI input. I've reset the TV and gone through all of the advanced settings... there is no way to switch to that input.

- Wil
Of course there is a way.  That is the way the TV receives over the air transmissions.

Post a picture of the remote control.
« Last Edit: November 28, 2023, 11:19:22 pm by wasedadoc »
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #12 on: November 28, 2023, 11:16:35 pm »
Of course there is a way.  That is the way the TV receives over the air transmissions.

LOL.  Who does that?  I haven't received an OTA broadcast since the 70s.

Regardless, it does not seem to be an option in the software even though there is clearly a piece of hardware there.

- Wil
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #13 on: November 28, 2023, 11:20:35 pm »
Post a picture of the remote control.
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #14 on: November 28, 2023, 11:34:39 pm »
Post a picture of the remote control.

It's just the standard Samsung remote control. Also, according to the manual "Live TV" is not an option in some countries. Live TV / Antenna / Broadcast options are not in the software.

This is the remote:  https://m.media-amazon.com/images/I/41wn37g8VYL._AC_SX679_.jpg
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #15 on: November 28, 2023, 11:54:00 pm »
 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #16 on: November 29, 2023, 12:08:33 am »
e-manual https://downloadcenter.samsung.com/content/UM/202307/20230705133212135/BN81-24055A-410_EM_OSPATSCC_NA_ENG-US_230609.0.pdf

Page 116. Scanning for available channels. Auto Program

Connect the game console RF out to the TV antenna socket and use the Auto Program to tune the TV to the channel.
« Last Edit: November 29, 2023, 12:10:46 am by wasedadoc »
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #17 on: November 29, 2023, 12:19:15 am »
Connect the game console RF out to the TV antenna socket and use the Auto Program to tune the TV to the channel.

That resulted in nothing positive.

 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #18 on: November 29, 2023, 12:19:46 am »
Here are the results of attaching the scope to pin 1 of IC5.  I'm not even sure how this helps.

 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #19 on: November 29, 2023, 12:35:27 am »
1.  So the TV does indeed have the software for analogue RF reception.  How exactly were you connecting the console output to the round F-type connector on the TV?

2.  That is not the place I told you to probe!
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #20 on: November 29, 2023, 12:41:22 am »
1.  So the TV does indeed have the software for analogue RF reception.  How exactly were you connecting the console output to the round F-type connector on the TV?

I'm using a normal RCA cable with an RCA-to-Coax connector/adapter on the TV end.

2.  That is not the place I told you to probe!

My apologies... it's been a long day and I'm tired.  I will try again with less dyslexia in a few minutes.

- Wil
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #21 on: November 29, 2023, 12:57:16 am »
Ok... IC1... pin 5.

 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #22 on: November 29, 2023, 01:02:02 am »
Maybe I should check pin 4 of IC6 too?

 

Online wasedadoc

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #23 on: November 29, 2023, 01:05:49 am »
Nothing wrong with that.  Probe the other end of R7 which connects to W2 on the modulator unit.  Audio is going into the modulator at W3.  Clearly at least part of the modulator is working or you would not have got the sound operational as you reported in the first post.

Signal at pin 4 of IC6 will be about 60 MHz.

It is after 1 am here so no more from me now.
« Last Edit: November 29, 2023, 01:13:10 am by wasedadoc »
 

Offline Wil_BloodworthTopic starter

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Re: Troubleshoot No Video - Magnavox Odyssey 2
« Reply #24 on: November 29, 2023, 04:30:16 pm »
I was able to trace (electronically), the video pin backwards from the RF Modulator box to Pin 27 of IC5.  There does not seem to be any meaningful signal coming from that pin.

When I (try to) read the schematic, it looks like IC1 is passing all of the video data to IC5 but the audio is being sent directly from IC1-Pin 5 over to IC6.  We tested and confirmed we are getting signal out of IC1-Pin 5 and we know that is audio because... I'm getting audio but no video.

I traced the video signal from IC5 Pin 27 to the RF Modulator (IC6 Pin 6).  I could not find an details on this 612178-1 chip so I don't know what happens to the video signal when it gets there... but I do not think that is important right now because there does not appear to be any video signal coming from IC5 pin 27.

Amy I approaching this correctly?  If no video signal is coming from pin 27 of IC5, what should I try next?  Should I try to pull that IC and clean the pins / socket and try again?

Oh, and I know that pin 27 of IC5 is making contact with the board because there is continuity from the board traces directly to IC5 pin 27... so cleaning the socket is probably not going to solve anything.

1940448-0

- Wil
« Last Edit: November 29, 2023, 04:33:32 pm by Wil_Bloodworth »
 


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